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Steven Ford Brown

Jorge Carrera Andrade:

Biographical Sketch And Chronology

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Jorge Carrera Andrade was born in Quito, Ecuador, on September 14, 1902. He was the son of Abelardo Carrera Andrade and Carmen Vaca Andrade. He died November 7, 1978. Carrera Andrade was educated at Juan Montalvo Normal Institute, Mejía National Institute, and Faculty of Law of the University of Quito, Ecuador; Faculty of Philosophy and Letters, University of Barcelona, Spain; Faculty of Philosophy, Aix-en-Provence, France. He earned a bachelor’s degree and licentiate in social sciences.


Asociación General Universitaria Ibero-Americana of Barcelona (Secretary, 1932)
Verband Latein Amerikanischer Studenten von Berlin
Grupo “América”, Quito
Sociedad Jurídico-Literaria
Sociedad de Estudios Hispanoamericanistas
Sociedad “Amigos de Montalvo”
Club de Trabajadores Intelectuales
Casa de la Cultura Ecuatoriana, Quito
California Writers Club, San Francisco
Associazione Internazionale di Poesia, Roma
Pen Club, United States



Born September 14 in Quito.


Graduates from el Instituto Nacional Mejia.


Publishes first book of poetry, Estanque inefable.


Helps to organize Ecuadorian Socialist Party.


Secretary-general of the Ecuadorian Socialist Party


Statistician of the Bureau of Studies (Dirección de Estudios); travels to Europe and meets Gabriela Mistral and Cesar Vallejo.


Named Chancellor of Ecuadorian consulate in Marseilles, France.


Publishes Boletines de mar y tierra in Barcelona.


Secretary of Ecuadorian Senate; Professor, Mejía National Institute, Quito.


Consul in Paita, Peru.


Consul in Le Havre, France.


Marries Paulette Colin Lebas; publishes Rol de la manzana and El tiempo manual in Spain.


Birth of son, Juan Cristobal.


Consul General in Yokohama, Japan; publishes Pais secreto in Tokyo; publishes Antologia poetica, 1922–1939 in Quito.


Consul General in San Francisco, California; begins friendship with Pedro Salinas.


Chargé d’affaires in Caracas, Venezuela.


Publishes Poems of Paul Valery in Spanish translation in Caracas, Venezuela.


Resigns from diplomatic post to protest President Velasco Ibarra’s breach of the Ecuadorian constitution; wife begins divorce proceedings.


Senator of the Republic of Ecuador; named by President Carlos Julio Arosemena Envoy Extraordinaire and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain.


Delegate to the Third General Assembly of the United Nations in Paris


Delegate to the Fourth Conference of UNESCO.


Returns to Quito and is named Head of the Section for Diplomacy of the Ministry of Foreign Relations; six months later resigns and is named Vice President of Casa de la Cultura, Quito.


Publishes in Quito, Poesia Francesa Contemporanea, an anthology of 55 French poets in Spanish translation; anthology receives Isle Saint-Louis Prize from French government; Lugar de origen appears in Quito. Ministry of Education names Carrera Andrade as Permanent delegate to UNESCO and he returns to Paris. Marries Janina Ruffier des Aimes.


With electoral triumph of Velasco Ibarra Carrera Andrade resigns position. Begins employment with UNESCO as director of Spanish publications. Birth of daughter Patricia.


Second edition of Familia de noche is published in Paris.


La tierra siempre verde, published in Paris.


Moneda del forastero in a bilingual edition (Spanish-French) is published in Paris. Leaves job at UNESCO and transfers to New York as member of Ecuadorian delgation to the United Nations.


1959 Hombre planetario appears in Bogota; El camino del sol appears in Quito.


President Velasco Ibarra names Carrera Andrade as Ambassdor for Special Mission to governments of Chile, Argentina, and Brazil. Participates in successful negotiation of Treaty of Rio de Janeiro.


Named Ambassador to Venezuela.


Mi vida en poemas published in Caracas.


President Arosemena Monroy is deposed and a military junta is established. Venezuela suspends relations with Ecuador and Carrera Andrade is forced to resign.


Named Ambassador to France; publishes in Nicaragua a poem and two books: “Floresta de los guacamayos”, Radiografia de la cultura ecuatoriana and Interpretations de Ruben Dario.


Publishes in Paris Cronicas de las Indias.


The new president of Ecuador, Otto Arosemena, names Carrera Andrade Minister of Foreign Relations.


President Arosemena accepts a denunciation of Carrera Andrade by the right.


Participates in International Poetry Festival at the Poetry Center in New York and Festival of Poetry at State University of New York (SUNY) at Stony Brook.


Named Distinguished Professor at SUNY Stony Brook.


Participates in Festival of International Poetry organized by the Library of Congress in Washington, DC; an autobiography, El volcan y colibri, appears in Mexico; bilingual Spanish-French edition of El libro del Destierro appears in Dakar.


Lecture at Harvard; terminates teaching position at SUNY Stony Brook and returns to Paris.


Jorge Carrera Andrade: Introduccion al estudio de su vida y de su obra by J. Enrique Qjeda appears in Madrid; Selected Poems, translated by H. R. Hays published by SUNY Press.


Lectures from Harvard, Stony Brook, and Vassar College collected as Reflections on Spanish American Poetry (SUNY Press).


Director of Biblioteca Nacional, Quito; divorced from second wife. Obra poetica completa published in Quito. Academia de la Lengua del Ecuador nominates Carrera Andrade for Nobel Prize in literature. Government of Ecuador awards him “Eugenio Espejo” prize in recognition of his extraordinary literary accomplishments and contributions.


November 7 Jorge Carrera Andrade dies and is buried in the Cemetery of San Diego, Quito.


Jorge Carerra Andrade

Chronology by J. Enrique Qjeda is taken from the Spanish edition of El volcan y el colibri, an autobiography by Jorge Carrera Andrade, Corporacion Editora Nacional, Quito, 1989.
Photo courtesy J. Enrique Qjeda

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