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Roger Snell
The Morning
reviewed by
Nicole Mauro
Bootstrap Press Paper 82pp $12.00 isbn 0977997529


It’s hard to write with any certainty about stillness and location–how can something that exists everywhere have a singular location? — but the first thing I wrote in my notes on Roger Snell’s The Morning is ‘stillness and location’ followed by ‘!!!’ At some point during my reading and subsequent re-readings, I, with much enthusiasm, must have wanted to make note of the two, and so thought writing the two words on a slip of paper would make it easier for me to explain whatever my revelation was to you.


Thematically, stillness and location exist in Snell’s work, but the task of explaining, of parsing, deconstructing, and breaking it down to demonstrate I get how it works so you will understand just isn’t going to work for this work. In part, that’s because I don’t get it. I can’t. A Snell lyric is elegant, static, concentrated, and, like the smallest measurement of time as far as humans have been reducing it, so dense and minute it can convert infinity into a mind-blowing yactosecond.


The title poem, a long-ish piece of a dozen or so short stanzas, begins with slim tercets about an ‘I’ whose identity is in stasis, but whose language is motile and enabled with an ability to create (on the page) distance ‘away’ from a regular ‘every/day self.’


I want always
(now) to go

walk beyond
the every

self, some
other view
to fill

this so-
space (6).


The words are mostly monosyllables, which could clip the cadence and sound unnaturally staccato for what is otherwise an effortless description of a desire for otherness and solitude, except they don’t. Because Snell’s language is direct, familiar, and particularly placed in almost haiku-like arrangement, the tercets read as whole poems rather than lyric parts of a greater poetic whole. Though the effect is minimalist, it is not entirely accurate to call the poem, or the book, Minimalist, at least not exclusively. Like Williams, Olson, Creeley, and Duncan, who were more minimalist-esque than Minimalist, Snell is deftly reductive and sonic, his repetition of words and sounds inducing a hypnotic trans-body-space-time continuousness, and, like the aforementioned poets, his use of sound is base and basic, re-sensitizing those of us who struggle with the disquiet of modern life to the sound of pure sound.


But I would argue that Snell is warmer, more interested in celebrating our everyday routines than cooly, detachedly perceiving them, and his lyrics are way more amusing (‘I’ve grown fatter/from not smoking, my/hair’s long & I’ve a beard/what does it matter?, 20). Snell is also more narrative, more serial. Every tercet in ‘The Morning’ concretizesone discrete moment, placing the reader in brief yet whole points in time with the time and space to examine the experience while moment simultaneously progresses until infinite,until,by extension, we understand in the larger sense our experiences are constructed of a series of distinct occurrences and observations that congregate into one unbreakable totality called ‘Experience.’ Snell moves this narrative with nimble enjambment.


In slightly distancing singular words (like ‘so’) from the combinations and concepts they form with other words (like ‘so-called’), we focus on the parts as we understand the whole, and have the same experience as the narrator. We are in ‘some/other view’ filling ‘this so-/called/space’ while staying in our own heads and bodies.


Being moved without moving embodies Celan’s notion of the metaphysical ‘still-here,’ of being (a part of) an undisturbed location where stasis is pause for reflection, a rare occasion where the reader, to borrow from Pound, sees the old made new, the ordinary strange and unexplored. ‘… either in’ the ‘head’/or outside of it (42).’ Celan appears as an epigraph to section Four of ‘The Morning,’ and I am including here the quote, in its entirety, to illustrate the trans/formative nature of Snell’s work.


The still-here of the poem can only be found in the work of poets who do not forget that they speak from an angle of reflection which is their own existence, their own physical nature (61).


Stasis is a chancy poetic character to deliver this message, as it can read as intellectual decay or emotional stagnancy, and can pose unanswerable questions about de-composition and anti-creation — asking if art is ever truly original, if feeling can ever be trusted more than good old perception — as truthful and lyrically entertaining. Sometimes it is. Depending on content and other variables, stasis can be wrenching and affective, especially if back-dropped against a context naturally calling for it. And that is the risk Snell faces throughout ‘The Morning.’


To show stasis, an artist has, somehow, to affix a moment, whether to paper or canvas or stone, requiring a great deal of artistic skill to render accurately, if accuracy alone is the goal. It’s not, and so fragmentation and parataxis are often employed to interrupt, accelerate, or break apart moment to make it different. This makes for interesting reading, but often doesn’t, in my experience, do anything other than deconstruct. I don’t see anything new, just the old taken apart.


There is no dismantling for the sake of dismantling with Snell. In ‘Aperture,’ for example, every poem, every line is a both absolute part and perfect whole.


Mend leaky
tap, the line
to know/mind
needs no gap (70).


This quatrain, so simple in construction, and so much fun to say aloud, is Gordian in terms of density and complexity, culminating into a directive to remove space, and so presents something of a practical conundrum to the reader, implying, as it does, that space, which is everywhere, is a construct of the human head, existing in the mind but not outside it, rather only existing outside it because the mind conceives it should, not because it really, physically does, putting the mind in a Structuralist headlock of its own creation — the space out there, which is vast and overwhelming, somehow fits in the head. We can see that it is too big for us to see, but if it is, indeed, too big for us to see, then why can we see it? We can’t, what we’re really doing — what Snell illustrates so gracefully and purely — is using sight to conceive it.


The vision/conception relationship is one played out in much contemporary poetry. Space is freedom, license, liberty, or time, distance, and, well, ‘space’; on a page the inclusion of space is a deliberate attempt to create spatial-temporal distance, creating a vacuum for a reader to ‘lose’ literal or ordinary meanings in, to dis- or mis-associate in to arrive at new, unexpected ones. This isn’t a good or bad technique on its own, all technique being relative to intention, but Snell’s decision to compose tight, compact stanzas to seal thought leaks, to contain rather than spread, is a gratifying and surprising one that upends the ‘space as freedom’ dictum, instead framing space as limitation, a place where the mind can put things it doesn’t need, a place of such room it is all too easy to misplace what it does. The next quatrain speaks to the first consequence of space, losing:


Loss —
is the first
draft, is


In the above two quatrains, space is not only a cause of loss (and also ‘a lost cause,’ perhaps), but is also its location, where we can find things again, ‘anew,’ to return to Pound. In the next line, Snell tells us loss has a sound, is something we can hear if we know how (and where) to listen for it. A few quatrains later, Snell supplies an answer:


Eyes & ears
where they
are, yr lines


Eyes and ears. Snell could have written ‘Seeing and listening,’ more instructive, certainly, but also too active, too focused on the what when the real, more legitimate concern is the where (and the here) — the ‘eyes and the ears,’ the place where sense begins, and the mind, in a split-second, interprets then stores in one of its drawers as memory. What happens, though, when the mind misplaces stimuli, and leaves us, because of it, not entirely sure of what we have seen and heard?; or worse, sure, very sure, because we are unaware of the missing — that anything is missing — ‘Thinking, thinking’ when ‘Nothing is known.’


Eyes and ears are apertures without censors, they purely receive whereas the mind perceives. Because of this, eyes and ears, unlike the mind, cannot cognitively leak. They are ‘lines,’ showing to us the extent of extent, and though we have found ways both clever and destructive to outright avoid, or conveniently manipulate what we see and hear, it is we, and not our parts, who lie, and the body part that creates it is the same that believes it — I am of course talking about the elusive, grooved mollusk called ‘the mind,’ and it is both incredibly dumb and extraordinarily sly. I should after reading Snell not trust it with my own eyes. But anything that makes loneliness and glee, that inspires in us a staggering range of brilliance and idiocy, that makes us read and write poetry can’t be a bad thing. Snell likes the mind just fine, but he gives the eyes and ears more credit, more lyrical attention and time. After reading The Morning, I can say I do love eyes and ears, vision and voice, more, and his book too — for its unabashed lack of deceit, for having in those parts of ours a total belief.

Nicole Mauro

Nicole Mauro

Nicole Mauro has published poems and criticism in numerous journals. She is the author of the chapbooks Odes (Sardines, 2003), Dispatch (co-authored with Marci Nelligan, Dusie, 2006), The Contortions (Dusie, 2007), and Tax-Dollar Super-Sonnet (Pendergast/Dusie, 2009). She is the co-editor of an interdisciplinary book about sidewalks titled Intersection: Sidewalks and Public Space (with Marci Nelligan, ChainArts, 2008). Her first full-length poetry collection, The Contortions, was just published by Dusie in 2009, and her second, Tax-Dollar Super-Sonnet Featuring Sarah Palin as Poet, is due out from Black Radish Books in 2010. She lives in the San Francisco bay area with her husband Patrick, and daughters Nina and Faye. She teaches rhetoric and writing at the University of San Francisco.

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